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Aug 30, 2014
Category: COWS, Wisconsin, Jobs & Skills: Wisconsin Economy, Workers & Policy

Download State of Working Wisconsin 'By the Numbers'

 

The State of Working Wisconsin 2014 (Part 1) uses the best and recent data available on jobs and wages to describe the serious economic challenges that Wisconsin continues to face:

 

A Significant Wisconsin Jobs Deficit

Wisconsin needs 130,400 jobs today to get back to the 2007 level of employment, taking into account the shortfall (WI jobs still 21,900 below 2007), plus jobs needed to accommodate population growth since then (108,500).

 

Slower than National Job Growth

Over the course of the recovery, Wisconsin lagged behind the national job growth rate (4.0 v. 6.1%). That means every time national growth should have given Wisconsin three jobs, the state added just two. WI would have 58,000 more jobs today if state jobs had grown at the national rate.

 

Wisconsin’s Severe Racial Inequality

Wisconsin African American unemployment (15 percent) is 2.8 times higher than Wisconsin’s white unemployment rate (5.4 percent). Only three states (MN, NE, and LA) and Washington DC posted higher levels of black/white disparity.


Long- Term Stagnation of the Median Wage

The annual hourly real wage increase for the median worker (1979-2013). Taking inflation into account, the median wage grew by just 50¢ from $16.50 in 1979 to $17.00 per hour in 2013. (Wages expressed in 2013 $s.) The median wage has ticked up in the last few years but remains below the pre-recssion high.

 

Gender Gap Closing (Slowly)

The gender gap has narrowed in the last few decades. In 1979, at the median, for every dollar a man earned, women earned 59 cents. By 2013, women earned 82 cents. The shrinking gap is the result of an increase in women’s wages and declining wages for men (with those declines concentrated in the 1980s and early 90s).

 

Continued Decline of  Defining Sector

Manufacturing employment has fallen from 600,000 in 2000 to 466,000 in 2014 leaving fewer than four workers employed in manufacturing today for every five employed in 2000. It is true that manufacturing has produced jobs in the recovery, but not at rates that will get us back to levels of the past. And despite these losses, Wisconsin remains consistently among the top of states in terms of manufacturing employment.

 

Act 10 Aftermath

Given the structure of Act 10, it is no surprise that Wisconsin’s public sector unionization rate is falling. The state’s public sector unionization rate has fallen from over 50 percent, to 35 percent. The decline in Dane County is much more dramatic with public sector unionzation falling in half over just one year, from 55 percent in 2011 to 26 percent in 2012. 

 

Previous State of Working Wisconsin Reports Here>

 

Mary Ebeling, Benjamin Forman, Rich Parr, Megan Aki | Jul 29, 2014
Category: State & Local Policy, Transportation
From the Gateway Cities Innovation Institute, in collaboration with COWS' own State Smart Transportation Initiative, this policy brief examines how best practices in transit planning can benefit Massachusetts’s Regional Transit Authorities.

Massachusetts’s Regional Transit Authorities (RTAs) have an opportunity to improve their existing service and make the case for more funding from the state by making the most of a new planning requirement from the legislature. The paper, the sixth in MassINC’s Going for Growth series, compares Massachusetts to best practices in regional transit planning from across the country. 

As part of last year’s landmark transportation finance legislation, the state legislature mandated that the RTAs conduct comprehensive service plans. If done well, the paper argues, these assessments could help make the case for more funding from the state going forward.
SEIU 32BJ and COWS | Jul 11, 2014
Category: COWS, Jobs & Skills, State & Local Policy
Nearly one in four Boston families lives in poverty and incomes in the Greater Boston area are more unequally distributed than in the vast majority of other metro areas around the country. The good news is that the City has a number of important tools that can be engaged to address these problems. However, in order to maximize its effectiveness, the City will have to re-focus and re-organize its approach to economic development. Critically, the City must make combatting poverty and inequality a core priority in all of its programs. Moreover, the City should adopt a broader and more proactive vision of economic development and reorganize programs and structures accordingly. This report, co-written with SEIU 32BJ, identifies five key ways in which the City can re-focus and re-organize its programs and provides a number of specific recommendations of steps the City should take. 

Key Recommendations:
  1. Use every possible point of leverage in the City's purchasing, development and financial systems to create good, family-sustaining jobs with decent wages, paid time off, health insurance and adequate hours.
  2. Fully enforce and expand the application of the Boston Living Wage ordinance. Expand the scope of the Living Wage ordinance to provide for paid time off, health insurance and full time work.
  3. Re-organize the structure of planning and development agencies, primarily the Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA) to include a focus on creating family-sustaining jobs, affordable housing and community building. Strict accountability standards are needed to ensure developers are meeting goals and standards.
  4. Initiate a comprehensive planning process which involves all impacted communities in development of a vision and plan for Boston.
  5. In all things prioritize equity of access for all city residents and ease of entry and participation in city life for all groups, including recent immigrants.
Jul 02, 2014
Category: COWS, Wisconsin, Jobs & Skills: Wisconsin Economy, Workers & Policy

After more than six years, the U.S. economy finally came back to pre-recession levels of employment in May. And that milestone makes it clear that the recovery is farther behind in Wisconsin. New data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that Wisconsin lost 1,000 jobs in April. The state’s job growth has been relatively consistent but slow. Just as the U.S. clears the 2007 high, Wisconsin is still far from recovering back to that level.

Wisconsin’s job deficit now stands at 129,330. The state still has 24,200 fewer jobs than in 2007 before the beginning of Great Recession. Wisconsin’s population has grown since then. Just to keep up with that growth, Wisconsin needs to add another 105,100 jobs. These two numbers added together – 129,300 – account for the current Wisconsin Job Deficit.

Wisconsin job growth over the course of the recovery has been slow. And while the national pace has been faster, neither Wisconsin nor the nation has strong enough job growth to absorb new workers supplied by continuing population growth. When the labor market is week, too many workers are still waiting to find a job or to have greater security and hours in their current job.
May 22, 2014
Category: COWS, Wisconsin, Jobs & Skills: Wisconsin Economy, Workers & Policy

The economic recovery continues in Wisconsin, producing new jobs in the state, though still not enough to go back to pre-recession levels. New data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that Wisconsin added 8,000 jobs in April. Considering gains in April and March, the state has recovered all the jobs lost in February’s decline. The upward trajectory appears relatively consistent but remains quite slow. More than six years since the beginning of the recession, Wisconsin is still far from the jobs recovery workers need.

 

Wisconsin’s job deficit now stands at 127,730. That total deficit consists of two parts. First, Wisconsin still has 24,100 fewer jobs than in 2007 before the beginning of Great Recession. Second, just to keep up with population growth, Wisconsin needs to add another 103,630 jobs above the 2007 level. These two numbers added together – 127,730 – account for the current Wisconsin Job Deficit.

 

Anemic job growth over the course of the recovery has failed to close the gap. And Wisconsin’s jobs recovery lags even the slow pace of the national one. Nationally, the labor market is about to return to pre-recession levels. Wisconsin still hasn’t made it up to that level. The job deficit means that too many workers are still waiting to find a job or to have greater security and hours in their current job. Adding 8,000 jobs per month (as we did in April) still puts closing the Wisconsin Job Deficit some 15 months away.

Bill Halloway, Chris Spahr, and Satya Rhodes-Conway | May 02, 2014
Category: State & Local Policy, Transportation

Freight transportation is a critical element of both our national and local economies. Yet, it creates a number of challenges for cities due to congestion, emissions, crashes, noise and other factors. This report provides your city with low cost policy-driven measures to reduce the negative impacts of freight transportation.

 

Increasing the efficiency of freight movement and addressing the social costs and environmental justice issues of freight transportation are not mutually exclusive. The strategies identified in this report can help cities meet their transportation challenges in the years ahead while promoting just, healthy, and sustainable freight practices.

Apr 21, 2014
Category: COWS, State & Local Policy, Jobs & Skills: Wisconsin Economy, Workers & Policy

The economic recovery continues in Wisconsin, producing new jobs in the state, though still not enough to go back to pre-recession levels. New data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that Wisconsin added 6,900, after a big drop in February. Growth had been relatively consistent up to that point, but not especially rapid. More than six years since the beginning of the recession, Wisconsin is far from the jobs recovery workers need.

 

Wisconsin’s job deficit now stands at 134,780. Wisconsin still has 32,500 fewer jobs than in 2007 before the Great Recession. Wisconsin’s population has grown since then. Just to keep up with that growth, Wisconsin needs to add another 102,280 jobs. These two numbers added together – 134,780 – account for the current Wisconsin Job Deficit.

 

Job growth over the course of the recovery has been too slow to close the gap. Nationally, the labor market is about to return to pre-recession levels. Wisconsin still hasn’t made it up to that level. And given population, too many workers are still waiting to find a job or to have greater security and hours in their current job. Adding 6,900 jobs per month (as we did in March) means that recovering all of the jobs lost since 2007 would take almost two more years.
Ceri Jenkins, Adam Schepker, and Satya Rhodes-Conway | Mar 12, 2014
Category: Jobs & Skills: Workforce Development & Industry Partnerships, State & Local Policy, High Road
Every city has a food economy and most have at least the beginnings of a local food value chain. This means that every city has an opportunity to increase local economic activity, create jobs, and promote healthy, local food by helping local businesses to capture more of this market. Cities should include local food as part of their economic development efforts, and this paper will help them do that. Nationally, the trend is toward local food – cities should take advantage of this. This report, written by the Mayors Innovation Project (a COWS initiative), is a complement to the previous report, Promoting Access to Healthy, Local Food.
Wisconsin Budget Project and COWS | Feb 28, 2014
Category: COWS, High Road, Wisconsin


Income inequality continues to grow in Wisconsin and the United States, producing an ever-widening chasm between the rich and poor. Over the last 40 years, Wisconsin’s richest residents have experienced dramatic increases in income, while Wisconsinites not among the very highest earners saw their incomes stagnate or decline.


Wisconsin’s growth and prosperity are not being equally shared. The rewards of prosperity have been concentrated on the richest 1%. As a state, this should be of substantial concern, not only because of the slow or non-existent growth in incomes for the remaining 99% percent of families, but also because increasing disparity comes with substantial social costs.


All data in this report comes from The Increasingly Unequal States of America: Income Inequality by State, 1917 to 2011, written by Estelle Sommeiller and Mark Price for the Economic Analysis and Research Network. Published by the Economic Policy Institute, the report explores the evolution of top income shares at the state level and provides the figures that allow this analysis of top incomes in Wisconsin. Income figures are presented in 2011 dollars.

Laura Dresser | Feb 24, 2014
Category: COWS, High Road, Wisconsin, Jobs & Skills: Job Quality & Industry Studies, Jobs & Skills: Wisconsin Economy, Workers & Policy

This report analyzes the economic impact of a minimum wage increase to $10.10 per hour for Wisconsin workers. Increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 by July 2016 would increase wages for over half a million Wisconsin workers. Additionally, as parents see wages go up, some 234,000 Wisconsin children will see family income rise as a result. Of the 587,000 Wisconsin workers who would be affected by raising the wage to $10.10, 57 percent are women, 79 percent of workers are 20 years old or older, 47 percent of workers have at least some college education, 42 percent of workers work more than 35 hours per week, nearly two-thirds (64 percent) are in families with income under than $60,000.

 

 

Additionally, the report addresses the claim that increasing the minimum wage destroys jobs. Over the last twenty years, numerous studies have confirmed that minimum wage increases do not reduce overall employment levels. A letter signed by nearly 600 economists, including seven Nobel prize winners and eight past presidents of the American Economic Association, states that “the weight of evidence now [shows] that increases in the minimum wage have had little or no negative effect on the employment of minimum-wage workers, even during times of weakness in the labor market.”